Sugar, Sugar | What Is Sugar?

Sugar is much more than the white crystalline substance we add to cakes, store in jars in our pantries and sprinkle into our tea and coffee.

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Sugar is a carbohydrate and provides us with energy. Sugar can occur naturally in foods (like fruits) and be added to foods to sweeten and flavour them. Like many things, sugar comes in a variety of different forms, shapes, sizes and colours.  Sugar can include white sugar, raw sugar, brown sugar, honey or corn syrup.

There are three types of sugars: glucose, sucrose and fructose.


Glucose is a basic type of sugar, made up of only one sugar unit. our body’s preferred energy source. Glucose is also known as blood sugar because it circulates in our blood stream. Our body converts most of the carbohydrates we consume into glucose to either be immediately used for energy or to be stored for later use.


Fructose is naturally found in many fruits and veggies and is added to many drinks like soft drinks and fruit-flavoured drinks. Fructose is not a preferred energy source for our bodies as it behaves more like fat rather than other carbohydrates.


Sucrose is obtained from sugar cane or sugar beets and commonly referred to as table sugar. Fruits and veggies also contain sucrose . Our bodies divide sucrose into individual sugar units of glucose and fructose. Glucose is used as the main energy source and fructose is used as excess energy if needed. If fructose is not needed it behaves similarly to fat and is stored in our body.

Further reading:

Stay Sweet! CD

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